PrEP-Pod-IVR (TDF-FTC/Placebo IVR 28 Day Crossover Study)

Purpose

Participants will have a 28-day pre-ring baseline assessment period (Stage 1) followed by randomization to order with 5 participants per study arm. All participants will sequentially receive both study products for 28-days with at least a 2-week washout period between products. Arm 1 will receive the TDF-FTC pod-IVR for Stage 2 followed by the placebo pod-IVR during Stage 3. Arm 2 will receive the placebo pod-IVR for Stage 2 followed by the TDF-FTC pod-IVR during Stage 3. During Stages 2 & 3 participants will also complete brief phone surveys (<3 min), computer-assisted self-interviews (CASIs), and in-depth interviews (IDIs) regarding perceptibility and acceptability. If willing, participants' male sexual partners will be invited to complete IDIs as well.

Condition

  • HIV Prevention

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 45 Years
Eligible Genders
Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Yes

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Age of 18 through 45 years at screening, verified per site SOP
  2. Female participants, born female
  3. Not pregnant or breastfeeding
  4. Availability to return for all study visits, barring unforeseen circumstances
  5. Willing and able to
  6. communicate in English
  7. provide written informed consent to take part in the study
  8. provide adequate locator information, as defined in site SOP
  9. complete all required study procedures, including phone surveys, daily vaginal swabs, and reliably store swabs in freezer
  10. Must agree
  11. not to participate in other concurrent interventional and/or drug trials
  12. to use study-provided condoms for vaginal or anal intercourse for the duration of the study
  13. to abstain from use of any vaginal products (e.g., lubricants, feminine hygiene products, vaginally administered contraceptive products, sex toys) other than study products for the duration of the study beginning at enrollment Note: Tampons may be used during menses, but must be discontinued 72 hours prior to study visits and for 7 days after biopsy procedures. Menstrual pads will be provided to participants.
  14. to abstain from receptive oral, vaginal, or anal intercourse during the first week after each pod-IVR insertion and for 2 days before and 7 days after biopsy procedures
  15. to abstain from insertion of anything in the vagina (e.g., tampon, finger, sex toy, lubricants, medication, douche) during the first week after each pod-IVR insertion and for 2 days before and 7 days after biopsy procedures
  16. Understands and agrees to local STI reporting requirements
  17. HIV-1 seronegative at screening
  18. Must be in general good health in the opinion of the investigator
  19. Regular menstrual cycles of approximately 21 to 35 days apart with no untreated intermenstrual menstrual bleeding Note: This criterion is not applicable to participants using continuous combination oral contraceptive pills or progestin-only methods (such as Depo-Provera or levonorgestrel-releasing IUD), as the absence of regular menstrual cycles is an expected, normal consequence in this context.
  20. Satisfactory cervical Pap result in the 36 calendar months prior to Enrollment consistent with Grade 0 according to the Female Genital Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies [Addendum 1, Dated November 2007], or if Grade 1 or higher Pap result has had a satisfactory evaluation with no treatment required per American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP) guidelines in the 12 calendar months prior to Enrollment
  21. Using an effective method of contraception and intending to continue use of an effective method for the duration of study participation. Acceptable methods include:
  22. hormonal methods (except contraceptive vaginal rings)
  23. IUD
  24. sterilization of participant or partner

In addition to the criteria listed above, participants who agree to have rectal biopsies collected must meet the following criteria:

13. Must agree to abstain from insertion of anything in the rectum (e.g., finger, sex toy, lubricants, medication, enema) during the first week after each pod-IVR insertion and for 2 days before and 7 days after biopsy procedures

Male sexual partner(s) who meet the following criteria are eligible for inclusion in the study:

1. Age of 18 years or over

2. Has a female sexual partner enrolled in the study

3. Willing and able to

- communicate in English

- provide written informed consent to take part in the study

- provide adequate locator information, as defined in site SOP

- complete in-depth interview via video conference

Exclusion Criteria

Individuals who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from the study:

1. Undergoing or completed gender reassignment

2. Participant reports any of the following at Screening:

1. Has plans to relocate away from the study site area during the period of study participation

2. Pregnant, less than 3 months post-partum, or lactating

3. Intends to become pregnant during the period of study participation

4. Current or planned use of an IVR

5. Known HIV-infected partners

6. Non-therapeutic injection drug use in the 6 months prior to screening

7. History of autoimmune disease

8. History of toxic shock syndrome

9. History of adverse reaction to TDF, FTC, silicone, or microcrystalline cellulose

10. PrEP or Post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV exposure within 6 months prior to screening

11. Use of systemic immunomodulatory medications within the 4 weeks prior to the Enrollment

12. Use of vaginally or rectally administered medications or products (including condoms) containing Nonoxynol-9 (N-9) within the 4 weeks prior to the Enrollment

13. Participating in another research study involving drugs or medical devices within the 4 weeks or 5 half-lives (if known) prior to the Enrollment

14. Gynecologic or genital procedure (e.g., tubal ligation, dilation and curettage, piercing) within 60 days prior to Enrollment

Note: Colposcopy and cervical biopsies for evaluation of an abnormal Pap smear as well as IUD removal are not exclusionary

3. Per participant report at screening, anticipated use and/or unwillingness to abstain from the following medications during the period of study participation:

1. Heparin, including Lovenox® (enoxaparin sodium)

2. Warfarin

3. Plavix® (clopidogrel bisulfate)

4. Any other drugs that are associated with increased likelihood of bleeding following mucosal biopsy (e.g., daily high dose aspirin, Pradaxa®)

5. NSAID use for 5 half-lives prior to biopsy (e.g. ibuprofen for 1 day, naproxen for 4 days).

6. Rectally or vaginally administered medications (including over-the-counter products)

4. History of significant gastrointestinal bleeding in the opinion of the investigator

5. Abnormalities of the cervical, vaginal, or colorectal mucosa, or significant symptom(s), which in the opinion of the clinician represents a contraindication to protocol-required biopsies (including but not limited to presence of any unresolved injury, infectious or inflammatory condition of the local mucosa, and presence of symptomatic external hemorrhoids). Erythema is not exclusionary.

• Includes any clinically apparent Grade 2 or higher pelvic examination finding (observed by study staff) at Screening or Enrollment, as per the Female Genital Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies [Addendum 1, Dated November 2007]

6. At screening: participant-reported symptoms and/or clinical or laboratory diagnosis of active rectal or reproductive tract infection requiring treatment per current CDC guidelines or symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI). Infections requiring treatment include symptomatic bacterial vaginosis, symptomatic vaginal candidiasis, trichomoniasis, chlamydia (CT), gonorrhea (GC), syphilis, active HSV lesions, chancroid, pelvic inflammatory disease, genital sores or ulcers, cervicitis, or symptomatic genital warts requiring treatment (i.e., those that cause undue burden or discomfort to the participant).

Note:

- An HSV-1 or HSV-2 seropositive diagnosis with no active lesions is allowed, since treatment is not required

- One re-screening after documented treatment will be allowed

7. Has any of the following laboratory abnormalities at Screening:

Note: Grade is per Version 2.1 of the DAIDS Toxicity Table

1. Hemoglobin Grade 1 or higher

2. Platelet count Grade 1 or higher

3. International Normalized Ratio (INR) Grade 2 or higher

4. White blood cell count Grade 2 or higher

5. Calculated creatinine clearance ≤ 80 mL/minute using the Cockcroft-Gault equation

6. Grade 2 or higher ALT and/or AST (i.e., ≥ 2.5x the site laboratory upper limit of normal [ULN])

7. Positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)

8. Positive for Hepatitis C antibody (HCV Ab)

8. Has any other condition that, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator or designee, would preclude informed consent, make study participation unsafe, complicate interpretation of study outcome data, or otherwise interfere with achieving study objectives

Male sexual partner(s) who meet the following criteria are not eligible for inclusion in the study:

1) Female partner did not utilize study product

Study Design

Phase
Early Phase 1
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description
Randomized order, placebo-controlled, double blind, crossover
Primary Purpose
Prevention
Masking
Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Arm 1
Arm 1 will receive the Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (TDF)-Emtricitabine (FTC) pod-IVR for Stage 2 followed by the placebo pod-IVR during Stage 3.
  • Drug: Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (TDF)-Emtricitabine (FTC)
    TDF-FTC pod-IVR designed to deliver TDF at a target rate of 1 mg d-1 and FTC at a target rate of 2 mg d-1.
  • Other: Placebo
    A placebo pod-IVR containing microcrystalline cellulose pods.
Experimental
Arm 2
Arm 2 will receive the placebo pod-IVR for Stage 2 followed by the Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (TDF)-Emtricitabine (FTC) pod-IVR during Stage 3.
  • Drug: Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (TDF)-Emtricitabine (FTC)
    TDF-FTC pod-IVR designed to deliver TDF at a target rate of 1 mg d-1 and FTC at a target rate of 2 mg d-1.
  • Other: Placebo
    A placebo pod-IVR containing microcrystalline cellulose pods.

Recruiting Locations

University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas 77555
Contact:
Kathleen L Vincent, MD
409-772-2610
klvincen@utmb.edu

More Details

NCT ID
NCT03255915
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Oak Crest Institute of Science

Study Contact

Kathleen L Vincent, MD
409-772-2610
klvincen@utmb.edu