Purpose

The proposed research is designed to identify the mechanisms that can accelerate loss of muscle size, strength and physical function in type 2 diabetes and with hospitalization in older persons. About ⅓ of older Americans have type 2 diabetes, and about ⅓ of the hospitalizations in the USA involve persons older than 65 year of age. The proposed research is relevant to the part of NIH's mission that pertains to development of the fundamental knowledge that will improve health and reduce the burdens of disability, because this work will provide the fundamental evidence to identify new targets for the development of innovative treatments to slow down muscle loss and disability in our aging society.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 60 Years and 80 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Yes

Inclusion Criteria

  • Body mass index: <40 kg/sq meter
  • Score ≥26 on the 30-item Mini Mental State Examination
  • Stable body weight for at least 3 months
  • Non-diabetic or with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Exclusion Criteria

  • Pre-diabetes per American Diabetes Association criteria
  • Insulin therapy, significant diabetic complications, or A1c>8%
  • Impairment in Activities of Daily Living
  • >2 falls/year
  • weight loss >5% in the past 6 months
  • Exercise training (≥2 sessions/week) or ≥10,000 steps/day
  • Significant cardiovascular, liver, renal, blood, or respiratory disease
  • Active cancer or infection
  • Recent (within 3 months) treatment with anabolic steroids, systemic corticosteroids or estrogen.
  • Alcohol or drug abuse

Study Design

Phase
N/A
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Basic Science
Masking
Single (Participant)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
RT in T2DM
Type 2 diabetes subjects will undergo 3 months of resistance exercise training. Muscle size, strength and response to a low dose amino acids will be measured before and after training.
  • Behavioral: Resistance exercise training
    Supervised resistance exercise training, 3 times a week for 3 months
    Other names:
    • RT
Experimental
BR in healthy subjects, LAA
Healthy subjects will undergo short term bed rest with standard of care physical therapy. Muscle size, strength and response to a low dose amino acids (LAA) will be measured before and after bed rest.
  • Behavioral: Bed rest
    Bed rest for 5 days, followed by standard rehabilitation for 2 days
    Other names:
    • BR
Experimental
BR in healthy subjects, HAA
Healthy subjects will undergo short term bed rest with standard of care physical therapy. Muscle size, strength and response to a high dose amino acids (HAA) will be measured before and after bed rest.
  • Behavioral: Bed rest
    Bed rest for 5 days, followed by standard rehabilitation for 2 days
    Other names:
    • BR
Experimental
BR in T2DM, LAA
Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) subjects will undergo short term bed rest with standard of care physical therapy. Muscle size, strength and response to a low dose amino acids (LAA) will be measured before and after bed rest.
  • Behavioral: Bed rest
    Bed rest for 5 days, followed by standard rehabilitation for 2 days
    Other names:
    • BR
Experimental
BR in T2DM, HAA
Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) subjects will undergo short term bed rest with standard of care physical therapy. Muscle size, strength and response to a high dose amino acids (HAA) will be measured before and after bed rest.
  • Behavioral: Bed rest
    Bed rest for 5 days, followed by standard rehabilitation for 2 days
    Other names:
    • BR
Experimental
BR in healthy subjects, PT
Healthy subjects will undergo short term bed rest with intensive physical therapy (PT). Muscle size, strength and response to a low dose amino acids (LAA) will be measured before and after bed rest.
  • Behavioral: Bed rest
    Bed rest for 5 days, followed by standard rehabilitation for 2 days
    Other names:
    • BR
  • Behavioral: Intensive physical therapy
    Intensive weight bearing PT, daily, during bed rest
    Other names:
    • PT
Experimental
BR in T2DM, PT
Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) subjects will undergo short term bed rest with intensive physical therapy (PT). Muscle size, strength and response to a low dose amino acids (LAA) will be measured before and after bed rest.
  • Behavioral: Bed rest
    Bed rest for 5 days, followed by standard rehabilitation for 2 days
    Other names:
    • BR
  • Behavioral: Intensive physical therapy
    Intensive weight bearing PT, daily, during bed rest
    Other names:
    • PT

Recruiting Locations

Sealy Center on Aging, University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas 77550
Contact:
Roxana Hirst, MS, CCRP
409-266-9641
rmhirst@utmb.edu

More Details

NCT ID
NCT03118050
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston

Study Contact

Roxana M Hirst, MS, CCRP
(409)266-9641
rmhirst@utmb.edu

Detailed Description

Sarcopenia is a major contributor to frailty and increases the risk of falls, physical dependence, disability and mortality in older adults. It advances slowly with healthy aging. However, diseases or other insults and injuries can accelerate sarcopenia and lead to catastrophic declines in mobility and independence. For example, chronic diseases such as Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) are associated with accelerated loss of muscle mass and function in seniors; hospitalization with bed rest inactivity acutely accelerates sarcopenia. What it is not know is how concurrent diseases, inactivity or other insults and injuries accelerate sarcopenia in older adults. This knowledge gap hinders the development of innovative, targeted treatments for this disabling condition. The objective of this research is to examine the basic mechanisms that underlie accelerated sarcopenia in older adults and identify potential targets for interventions. The central hypothesis is that a global and fundamental mechanism of acute or chronic acceleration of sarcopenia is a reduction in skeletal muscle amino acid transport, which decreases muscle protein anabolism, and can be reversed by activation of the mammalian/mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling with a non-amino acid stimulus, such as exercise. Amino acid transport is an active process that controls intracellular amino acid availability and the activation of protein synthesis in skeletal muscle. It is regulated by amino acid concentrations and non-amino acid stimuli that activate mTORC1 signaling, such as resistance exercise and insulin.The central hypothesis will be tested with the following specific aims: 1) Determine the effect of T2DM on the sensitivity of skeletal muscle amino acid transport to dietary amino acids. 2) Determine the effect of short-term bed rest inactivity on the sensitivity of skeletal muscle amino acid transport to dietary amino acids. 3) Determine the effect of resistance exercise on the sensitivity of amino acid transport to dietary amino acids in acute and chronic accelerated sarcopenia induced by inactivity or T2DM. Amino acid transport and protein metabolism in muscle will be measured using integrative molecular, imaging and stable isotope methodologies, identifying specific upstream regulators involved in the anabolic resistance of accelerated sarcopenia that can be targeted with novel treatments to reduce sarcopenia and improve independence in older adults.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.