Purpose

We are evaluating whether 15-26 year old males and females need a 3rd dose of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, or whether 2 doses provide similar protection as 3 doses from the 9 types of HPV that it protects against.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 15 Years and 26 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Yes

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Males and females 15-26 years old.
  2. Ability to give informed consent. All participants under 18 years of age must have the informed consent of a parent and must assent to participation.
  3. Has not received any prior doses of the HPV vaccine. We will ask the patient and his/her parent (if <18) about prior vaccination and check the state registry (Immtrac), as well as the UTMB electronic medical record (if previously seen at UTMB), We will check with their primary care provider, if feasible, for patients who are not a previously established UTMB patient.
  4. Identified source of funding for vaccine which may include Texas Vaccines for Children (VFC) program, Medicaid, the Children's Health Insurance Plan (CHIP), Texas Healthy Women program or other public or private health insurance.
  5. Reliable telephone access.
  6. Participant and parent/ guardian (if <18) can read and speak either English or Spanish.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. For females, currently pregnant or plans to become pregnant or donate eggs in next 12 months. Sexually active females must report that they use regular birth control. All female subjects will be required to take a urine pregnancy test before each Gardasil 9 dose. Any subjects with positive tests will be disqualified from the study and advised to seek prenatal care.
  2. History of 6 or more lifetime sexual partners.
  3. History of any immunodeficiencies (HIV+, chemotherapy treatment, status splenectomy) or autoimmune disorders (lupus, thyroid disorder, psoriasis).
  4. History of bleeding or platelet disorders such as hemophilia.
  5. Currently taking medication which can suppress immune function including systemic corticosteroids, radiation therapy, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, cyclosporine, leflunomid, TNF-alpha antagonists, monoclonal antibody therapies, or intravenous immunoglobulin treatment.
  6. Known allergies to any components of the vaccine, including aluminum, yeast or Benzonase.
  7. Febrile at ≥100°F in the 24 hours prior to vaccination. This will be reviewed before each Gardasil 9 dose.
  8. Received any non-study inactive vaccines within the past 14 days or any live vaccines within the past 30 days. Those excluded for this reason will be re-screened under the same study number at a later date.
  9. Plan to move out of the Galveston/Houston area in the 13 months following study entry.

Study Design

Phase
Phase 4
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Other
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Active Comparator
Females, 3 dose standard
Three doses of the 9-valent HPV vaccine to be administered to the comparison group (15-26 years of age) at 0, 2, and 6 months.
  • Biological: 9-valent HPV vaccine, 3 doses standard timing
    Will be comparison group for 2 dose efficacy group.
Experimental
Females, 2 dose with delayed 3rd dose
Two doses of the 9-valent HPV vaccine to be administered to the experimental group (15-26 years of age) at 0 and 6 months. Additional HPV vaccine dose will be offered after final blood draw at 12 months.
  • Biological: 9-valent HPV vaccine, 2 dose efficacy
    Evaluate the efficacy of 2 doses of the HPV vaccine across a 12 month period following the 1st dose among 15-26 year old males and females.
Active Comparator
Males, 3 dose standard
Three doses of the 9-valent HPV vaccine to be administered to the comparison group (15-26 years of age) at 0, 2, and 6 months.
  • Biological: 9-valent HPV vaccine, 3 doses standard timing
    Will be comparison group for 2 dose efficacy group.
Experimental
Males, 2 dose with delayed 3rd dose
Two doses of the 9-valent HPV vaccine to be administered to the experimental group (15-26 years of age) at 0 and 6 months. Additional HPV vaccine dose will be offered after final blood draw at 12 months.
  • Biological: 9-valent HPV vaccine, 2 dose efficacy
    Evaluate the efficacy of 2 doses of the HPV vaccine across a 12 month period following the 1st dose among 15-26 year old males and females.

Recruiting Locations

University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas 77555
Contact:
Christie K Shumate
409-747-5594
ckshumat@utmb.edu

More Details

NCT ID
NCT03943875
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston

Study Contact

Abbey B Berenson, MD, PhD
409-772-2417
abberens@utmb.edu

Detailed Description

The investigators are studying an amended dosing regimen of an approved drug (Gardasil 9) in the population for which it is approved (vaccine is approved for ages 9-45 years and participants in this study will be 15-26 years of age.) The purpose of the study is to examine a delayed dosing schedule. The current recommendation is to administer the vaccine in 3 doses (administered at 0, 1-2 months and 6 months) to those 15-26 years of age but only 2 doses (0 and 6 months) if given at 9-14 years of age. The investigators will conduct a randomized study to determine if 2 doses will elicit an immune response similar to the standard 3 doses in those 15-26 years of age. Participants in the study group will receive 2 doses of Gardasil 9 at 0 and 6 months. Participants in the control group will receive 3 doses of Gardasil 9 at 0, 1-2 months and 6 months. All participants (Target Accrual n=512) will have 5 mLs of blood drawn at 0, 7, and 12 months. Following the 12 month blood draw, participants randomized to 2-doses will receive the 3rd dose. Potential participants will be recruited in the University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) clinics where providers have given the PI permission to directly contact patients. The investigators will also display signs and use email announcements at UTMB and other college campuses and will advertise the study online or by mail. The investigators will call UTMB patients if their provider gave permission to contact the patient, or if the patients gave prior consent to contact through the UTMB system. Potential participants (and their parents, if under 18 years of age) will be screened with inclusion/exclusion criteria. Eligible and interested parents and patients will sign informed written consent. Patients under 18 years of age will sign written assent. At the initial visit, eligible, consented participants will have their blood drawn, be randomized into either the study or control group, and receive a dose of the HPV vaccine. Participants will be re-screened against the inclusion/exclusion criteria at subsequent visits. All participants will receive compensation administered through a ClinCard following each of the 3 blood draws.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.