This study will examine the history of video game use an activities of manual dexterity with the scored skills used in the Eyesi surgical simulator. Subjects will be asked to participate in video games or no video games prior to testing skills in Eyesi to examine training effects of video game participation and changes in manual dexterity.



Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 40 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  • UTMB Medical student volunteers who respond to email invitation to participate - 18-40 years of age inclusive

Exclusion Criteria

  • Prior experience with EyeSi surgical simulator - Not a UTMB Medical Student - Not between 18-40 years of age inclusive

Study Design

Study Type
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description
Non-blinded parallel examination of training or non-training effect of video game participation prior to Eyesi surgical simulator evaluation.
Primary Purpose
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Video Game Trained
Subjects will participate in video gaming for 10 minutes prior to Eyesi simulator test of surgical skills.
  • Other: Super Smash Brothers Melee (Gamecube)
    10 minutes of participation in Super Smash Brothers Melee prior to Eyesi Surgical Simulator evaluation of skills.
No Intervention
No Video Game Training
No video gaming will occur for warm up to Eyesi simulator test of surgical skills

Recruiting Locations

University of Texas Medical Branch, Ophthalmology Clinical Research Center
Galveston, Texas 77555-1106
Mary Schmitz-Brown, B.S. CCRC

More Details

The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston

Study Contact

Mary Schmitz-Brown, B.S. CCRC

Detailed Description

A popular crossover fighting video game released in 2001 for the Nintendo Gamecube that emphasizes reflexes and dexterity to perform specific maneuvers will be used in this study as a potential dexterity trainer. The Eyesi is a training device utilized in many ophthalmology residency training programs to improve intraocular operative skills. The EyeSi is a validated training tool that uses high-end virtual reality that can be equipped with instrumentation for cataract or vitreoretinal surgery. The device itself consists of eyepieces that replicate a surgical scope, a mannequin head where handpiece probes can be inserted and position tracked to virtually recreate a surgical environment. The simulator also has a monitor that can be used to see the surgical simulator environment. As part of the software, numerous training tasks and exercises are available programmed into the device. These exercises utilize numerous metrics such as distance traveled, tissue treatment, efficiency, instrument handing, and others to provide the user with a raw score out of 100 for each task. Subjects will then be asked to complete a manual dexterity questionnaire including history of video game use as well as tasks demonstrating manual dexterity ability such as the ability to play a musical instrument. Participants will then be randomized to the intervention group or the control group. The intervention group will be asked to play 10 minutes of the Gamecube game "Super Smash Brothers Melee" as their "warm-up" prior to completing the EyeSi surgical tasks of navigation, forceps, and bimanual with their scores collected and averaged across all tasks. The control group will complete the EyeSi surgical tasks of navigation, forceps, and bimanual with their scores collected and averaged, but will not perform a "warm-up" task. Planned statistical analysis will include an average of total scores across navigation, forceps, and bimanual tasks. Chi square analysis will then be utilized to determine any statistical significance between intervention and control groups. Simulator scores will also be associated with questionnaire responses and simple linear regression will be used for analysis.


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.